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A personal trainer is a person who helps people exercise. The scope of practice for a personal trainer is to enhance the components of fitness for the general, healthy population. The five classic components of fitness are muscular strength, muscular endurance, body composition, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility, although there are other subsets like power, skill, and speed. The general population is defined as an age range of 18 to about 50 (45 and younger for males, 55 and younger for females). The definition of healthy in this context means an absence of a disease that would affect one’s ability to exercise. Anyone outside that scope of practice should be placed in a trainer’s scope after a visit to the doctor to see what kind, if any, exercise they are capable of.

In contrast to an athletic trainer (AT), a personal trainer may not have higher education in the health sciences, may not be required to obtain any particular kind of professional certification for purposes of the job, or may be “certified” by one of any number of organizations that only require minimal coursework or the most basic of competencies, and that is not recognized nationally or internationally. For athletic trainers, all must have at least a bachelor’s degree specifically in the athletic training health profession, must pass a comprehensive exam before earning the athletic training credential, must keep their knowledge and skills current by participating in continuing education in the field, and must adhere to the specific standards of professional practice set by one national certifying agency.

Job overview

Personal trainer assessing a client’s goals and needs as they write a fitness program

Many personal trainers work through local fitness centers such as personal training studios and health clubs, assisting clients within the facility. Others may be available for sessions in a clients home, or serve as instructors for fitness classes. Trainers are generally needed to demonstrate various exercises and help clients improve their exercise techniques. Due to the more interpersonal contact between a trainer and a client versus a general gym setting, a trainer is more readily able to provide motivation and support to an individual in an exercise program, in addition to proper technical instruction. A trainer can keep records of their clients’ exercise sessions to help monitor progress, and may also advise their clients on how to modify their lifestyle outside of the gym to improve their fitness.

In the United States, stats show that by 2006 fitness workers in general were employed in about 235,000 jobs, with a portion of those being trainers. Almost all personal trainers and group exercise instructors worked in physical fitness facilities, health clubs, and fitness centers, mainly in the amusement and recreation industry or in civic and social organizations. One of the fastest-growing fields of fitness training is corporate fitness. Many large companies are beginning to offer corporate fitness packages for employees wishing to create or maintain a healthy exercise program. Personal trainers are now often going into offices to train office staff at their desks in their lunch breaks using tables and chairs as gym equipment.

Regulations and training

Trainers usually are advised to have certification before beginning work in a club or facility in the United States.

Most certifying organizations require candidates to have a high school diploma, be certified in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED), and pass an exam. The type of fitness discipline will determine the level and amount of education and training that is needed.

Training providers vary based on price and type of training. Many trainers either practice at a major health club chain or practice freelance, training at the client’s home. Also, some trainers aspire to have their own studios and this is a rapidly growing sector which gives the trainer a chance to maximize their income and downtime. In addition, personal training outdoors has seen a rise in popularity as personal trainers use the local environment in creative ways to train their clients.

In Australia, personal trainers are required to be a member of a registering body such as Fitness Australia to gain insurance and work as a personal trainer. The minimum qualifications are Certificate III and Certificate IV in Personal Training. Many personal trainers also have additional qualifications in weight loss, strength training, kids fitness, and nutrition. Since the industry in Australia is self regulated, there are still unqualified trainers operating and calling themselves personal trainers. Consumers should always check the credentials of their personal trainer before beginning a program.

Personal training courses in Australia are conducted at universities, TAFE’s and private training organizations. They range from short courses (6 weeks) through to 18 months and can be conducted face to face in small or large groups, and also via correspondence.

Las Vegas (pronounced /lɑːs ˈveɪɡəs/) is the most populous city in Nevada, United States, the seat of Clark County, and an internationally renowned major resort city for gambling, shopping and fine dining. Las Vegas, which bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World, is famous for the number of casino resorts and associated entertainment. A growing retirement and family city, it is the 28th most populous city in the United States with an estimated population by the U.S. Census Bureau of 567,641 as of 2009. The 2009 population estimate of the Las Vegas metropolitan area was 1,902,834.

Established in 1905, Las Vegas officially became a city in 1911. With the growth that followed, at the close of the century Las Vegas was the most populous American city founded in the 20th century (a distinction held by Chicago in the 19th century). The city’s tolerance for various forms of adult entertainment earned it the title of Sin City, and this image has made Las Vegas a popular setting for films and television programs. There are numerous outdoor lighting displays on Fremont Street, as well as elsewhere in the city.

The name Las Vegas is often applied to unincorporated areas that surround the city, especially the resort areas on and near the Las Vegas Strip. The 4.2 mi (6.8 km) stretch of Las Vegas Boulevard known as the Strip is mainly in the unincorporated communities of Paradise and Winchester, while a small portion overlaps into Las Vegas and the unincorporated community of Enterprise.